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Glossary

Here is a Glossary of terms used throughout the StrikeHard Gear website.

Action
The combined parts of a firearm that determine how a firearm is loaded, discharged and unloaded.

AK-47
Magazine fed, semi automatic, gas-operated 7.62×39mm assault rifle, first developed in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Kalashnikov. It is officially known as Avtomat Kalashnikova. It is also known as a Kalashnikov, an "AK", or, in Russian slang, Kalash. Military versions feature select fire operation.

Back-tack
A few stitches taken in reverse to secure a line of stitching.

Bar Tack
A group of closely sewn stitches used to strengthen stress points such as pouch corners and PALS webbing.

Binding
Encasing the raw edges of a material with another piece of fabric.

Blow-out Kit
A first aid kit designed specifically for treating gunshot wounds. May contain bandages, tourniquets, etc.

Bolt-Action
A firearm, typically a rifle, that is manually loaded, cocked, and unloaded by pulling a bolt mechanism up and back to eject a spent cartridge and load another. Bolt action firearms are popular for hunting, target shooting, and biathlon events. A bolt action rifle allows the shooter maximum accuracy, but may be too slow or cumbersome for some shooting sports.

Butt
On handguns, it is the bottom part of the grip. On long guns, it is the rear or shoulder end of the stock.

Carbine
A rifle with a relatively shortened length.

Cartridge
A single round of ammunition consisting of the case, primer, gunpowder, and one or more projectiles.

Clip (stripper clip)
A piece of shaped metal designed to hold a small amount of cartridges that are inserted into the action of the rifle. After loading the clip can be discarded or saved for future use. Not the same as a magazine, clips can be used to facilitate the loading of magazines.

CQC or CQB 
(Close Quarter Combat) or (Close Quarter Battle): A
type of fighting in which small units engage the enemy with personal weapons at very short range, potentially to the point of hand-to-hand to combat or fighting with hand weapons such as knives or bayonets.

Denier or D
Size of the weave within a yard of fabric; fabrics (garments) that have a higher denier counts are more rugged and have a longer wear (i.e. 500D, 1000D, etc…)

Frog
Adapter for connecting a bayonet scabbard to a belt. Used on many older bayonet designs.

Kydex
A thermoplastic that is frequently used as an alternative to leather in the production of firearm holsters and sheaths for knives.

Load Carrying Systems
Non-ballistic system belts, straps and fasteners that provide a platform for the attachment of various pouches and equipment. See MOLLE and ALICE

Load Out
A general term denoting the tactical gear and equipment attached to or carried in chest rigs and othe load bearing systems. (e.g. magazines, radios, knives, first aid kits etc)

Lockstitch
A stitch formed by interlocking needle threads with a bobbin thread. This is the most common stitch formed on industrial sewing machines.

Magazine
A receptacle on a firearm that holds several cartridges or shells for feeding into the chamber. Magazines take many forms, such as box, drum, rotary, or tubular and may be fixed or removable. Not the same as a clip

Malice Clips
Injection molded, heavy duty, reusable connecting clips that are designed to attach modular pouches to MOLLE/PALS style equipment.

Makarov
The PM Pistolet Makarova is magazine fed, blowback operated semi-automatic pistol, that fires 9x18mm Makarov cartridge. Built under the project leadership of Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov it became the Soviet's standard military from 1951-1991

Mil-Spec
(Military Specification) The quality standard manufacturers must adhere to when supplying items to the military.

MOLLE
MOdular Lightweight Load-carrying Equipment (pronounced MOLLY). See Pals Webbing.

Mosin Nagant
A bolt-action,clip fed,military rifle invented in 1891 and used by the armed forces of the Soviet Union and various other nations. Chambered in several differant calibers,the Soviet version fires the 7.62x54mmR

MultiCam®
A single camouflage pattern designed to help the wearer hide in varied environments, seasons, elevations, and light conditions. The pattern was developed to replace the out-dated 3-color desert and Woodland patterns.

Nylon
A strong synthetic fiber formed into a filament for use in thread making and other applications. It has good strength, excellent abrasion resistance and is washable.
Caution – Nylon is meant to be air-dried only, do not use a mechanical dryer.

PALS Webbing
Pouch Attachment Ladder System, is a grid of 1" nylon webbing strips used to attach smaller pouches and equipment onto load-bearing platforms such as backpacks and plate carriers. Uses Malice Clips, Blackhawk Speed Clips or Grimloc D-rings to attach the equipment. The term "Pals Webbing" is used interchangeably with "MOLLE".

Pistol
A term for a hand-held firearm with a single chamber. (A revolver has at least five chambers.)

Plinking
The informal shooting at inanimate objects at indefinite points. Note: Plinking typically refers to casual shooting at pine cones, tin cans, or other such objects for fun and practice.

Receiver
The basic unit of a firearm which houses the firing mechanism and to which the barrel and stock are assembled. In revolvers, pistols and break-open firearms, it is called the frame.

Recoil Pad
A butt plate, usually made of rubber, to reduce the recoil or “kick” of shoulder firearms.

Revolver
A firearm with a cylinder having several chambers so arranged as to rotate around an axis and be discharged successively by the same firing mechanism. A semi-automatic pistol is not a revolver because it does not have a revolving cylinder.

Rifle
A firearm having spiral grooves in the bore and designed to be fired from the shoulder. By law, rifle barrels must be at least 16" long. Handguns usually have rifled barrels as well.

Round
One complete small arms cartridge.

Selective-Fire
A firearm's ability to select between different firing modes (fully automatically, semi-automatically or, in some cases, in burst-fire mode).

Semi-Automatic
Firearm which fires, extracts, ejects, and reloads only once for each pull and release of the trigger.

SKS
Soviet carbine that is clip fed, gas operated, semi-automatic rifle chambered for the 7.62x39mm round, designed in 1945 by Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov. SKS is an acronym for Samozaryadnyj Karabin sistemy Simonova. As with the AK-47 this rifle was made in various communist block countries and has a variation of quality and features between countries of origin.

Stock
The wood, fiberglass, wood laminate or plastic component to which the barrel and receiver are attached.

Scabbard
Sheath for sword, knife, dagger or bayonet.